Masjid for renovation started. Thanks sa mga nag donate

UPDATE NEWS: July 12, 2011 



Latest update sa Masjid Project Date: July 21, 2011

Nasimulaan na po ang Masjid project natin sa pamamagitan ni

- Datu Abdul Rauf Sulog

- Vice Chairman Jalal U. Mamangcao

- Engr. Hafez Usman Sinal

- Datu Amanullah Usman Dianalan

- Ms. Jamalia  Sulog Usman-Macatanong

 

 

Kailangan pa namin ng tulong para matapos na ng lubos ang ating Masjid project. Kung mayron gustong tumolong sa project na'to. Makipag ugnayan lamang po kayo sa amin or sa present chairman Datu Soler Garlan, Cel: 0540032267 or the Vice Chairman Datu Jalal U. Mamangcao Cel: Number : 0502435335 or Kay Mrs. Jamalia U. Macatanong Cel: 0567717662 at sa ating Rest. Made to Order Founder Ms. Munalinda Sulog Cel.: 0540019792.

 

Balasangkano o Allah sa miyakalala sa engkaya khawma a Ramadan.

 

Khalik M. Macatanong

0558771237 



Virtues of Building Mosques and Observing Their Etiquette – Dr. A. N. M. Shamsin Page 1

In the Name of Allah, Most Compassionate, Most Merciful
VIRTUES OF BUILDING MOSQUES AND OBSERVING THEIR ETIQUETTE
By Sheikh Dr. Abdul Nasser Muhammad Shamsin, B.A. Islamic Law, Medinah Islamic
University, M.A. Phil. & PhD Phil. Islamic Studies, the University of Sydney.

In Islam, the mosque has a great importance as one of the principal foundations for binding
the Muslim society. It was from within its environment and for all generations that:
- Muslims were united;
- brotherhood between the Mecca emigrants and the Medina supporters was
accomplished at the inception of Muslim statehood;
- the prophet PBUH hosted delegations and visitors, pledged covenants and treaties, and
taught people religion and jurisprudence enlightening their path to the paradise of the
Lord of the worlds;
- military leaders were raised and Muslim armies were launched;
- the greatest Muslim scholars graduated;
- the beacon of knowledge radiated;
- calls for prayers ascend from its minarets praising the Unity and Greatness of Allah;
and Muslims congregate seeking goodness and obedience of Allah SWT.
Every human community has a devotional place for worshipping their deity. Muslims have
the mosque. It is the house of Allah SWT, and as such it is sanctified and revered in their lives.
Since the mosque gathers and unites Muslims, Allah granted unrivalled rewards for its
building which is perpetually inspired by the holy Qur’an, hadeeths of the prophet PBUH and
legacy of the scholars.
Allah SWT states in the holy Qur’an: “The mosques of Allah shall be visited and maintained
by those who believe in Allah and the last day, establish regular prayers, pay Zakat and
fear none except Allah. It is them who are expected to be truly guided”
(At Tawba, chapter 9, verse 18).
When people were talking about Othman bin Affan RAA as he was building the prophet PBUH a
mosque, he replied: “You are overdoing it. I have heard the prophet PBUH saying: “Whoever
builds a mosque seeking the pleasure of Allah, Allah builds a similar one for him in
paradise”. (Bukhari 8 – the book of Salat: No. 65, also in Sahih Muslim).
Abu Tharr RAA narrated that the prophet of Allah said: “whoever builds for the Mighty and
Majestic Allah a mosque, even a tiny humble nest, Allah builds for him a house in paradise”.
(Narrated by Bazzar and Tabarani in the Kabeer from reliable sources, also by Ibn Habban in his Sahih, Ibn
Maja with correct backing, and Imam Ahmad as narrated by Ibn Abbas RAA”. Al Muntheri and Abu Hasan Al
Shatheli explained: the nest referred to in this hadeeth belongs to a type of pigeon that unlike other birds lays its
eggs on flat open ground instead of hiding them on trees or cliffs. That’s why it is similar to building a mosque
in full openness and sincerity). Virtues of Building Mosques and Observing Their Etiquette – Dr. A. N. M. Shamsin Page 2

Sincerity in building mosques
Amro bin Absa RAA narrated that the messenger of Allah PBUH said: “whoever builds a
mosque for Allah, to commemorate Allah, Allah builds for him a house in paradise”.
(Reported by Annasa’ee in the Kobra).

The Prophets attached great importance to building houses for worshipping Allah
Adam PBUH
It was said that when Adam descended to earth, he felt isolated so Allah revealed to him to
“build me a house on earth and do around it what you saw the angels do around my throne”
so he built it. (Narrated by Abu Saleh from Ibn Abbas RAA).
It was also said that it descended with Adam PBUH, and when the flood came, it was raised to
the heavens. Abraham PBUH rebuilt it in the same location. (Narrated by Qutada RAA).
And it was said that it was built by Adam and Eve from what Al Bayhaqi narrated in his
“Indications of Prophethood” from Abdullah bin Amro bin al Aas RAA that Allah sent Gabriel
PBUH to Adam and Eve PBUT and ordered them to build the Kaaba so Adam built it then he
ordered him to circumambulate it then he was told that he was the first human and that this
was the first house for people. It was also said that there were other houses before it, and that
it was first built by Sheth the son of Adam, and that before building it, it was a red jewel
circumambulated by the yearning Adam as it was from paradise. The house was then
destroyed by the flood until it was rebuilt by Ibrahim PBUH.
Ibrahim PBUH
A man asked Ali may Allah be pleased with him about the Qur’anic verse: “The first house
of worship set up for mankind was the one at Bakkah (Makkah); it was blessed and a
guidance for all the worlds”. (Aal Imran, chapter 3, verse 96). Was that the first house built on
earth? He replied no but it was the first house that had the blessing and guidance and the
station of Ibrahim and whoever enters it feels secure and if you allow me I’ll tell you how the
Mighty and Majestic Allah built it. Allah revealed unto Ibrahim to “build me a house on
earth”. Ibrahim found it very difficult. So Allah comforted him by sending a targeted wind
that led him and his son Ismail to the location of the house and circled it. Ibrahim started
building there, about a leg’s length every day until he came to the position of the black
stone’s corner. There he told his son: “get me a stone”. His son fetched any stone only to find
that the black stone was in position. The son asked: “where did you get that from?” He
replied: “It was brought by someone who does not rely on our building work. Gabriel PBUH
brought it from the heavens and placed it here”. (This is a Sahih Muslim hadeeth that was not
published).

Virtues of Building Mosques and Observing Their Etiquette – Dr. A. N. M. Shamsin Page 3

Dawood (David) PBUH
Narrated Rafeh bin Omair RAA: I heard the messenger of Allah PBUH say: “The Mighty and
Majestic Allah told Dawood PBUH “build me a house on earth”. Thereupon Dawood built a
house for himself before the house he was ordered to put up. Allah revealed unto him: “O’
Dawood, you erected your house before mine”. He replied: “O’ Lord, You said and decreed
that whoever acquires becomes possessive”, then he started building the house of worship.
When its fence was completed, two thirds of the house collapsed. He complained to the
Mighty and Majestic Allah who revealed unto him: “It is not proper for you to build me a
house”. He asked: “O’ Lord why?” He said: “because of the blood you have spilled”. He
asked: “O’ Lord wasn’t it for your devotion and love?” He said: “yes, but they were my
subjects and I am merciful to them”. Dawood was heartbroken so Allah revealed unto him:
“don’t be sad, I will complete its construction on the hands of your son Sulaiman (Solomon)
PBUH”. When Dawood died, Sulaiman resumed its building and when it was completed, he
celebrated by ritual offerings, sacrificing animals and gathering the people of Israel. Allah
revealed unto him: “I see joy in building My house. You ask me and I will give you”. He
said: “I ask You three qualities – a wisdom derived from Yours, a dominion that no one
reaches after me, and that whoever comes to this house seeking nothing but prayer will be
cleansed of his sins like the day he was born”. The messenger of Allah PBUH said: “he was
given two qualities. And I hope that he was given the third”.

Muhammad PBUH on building the house and the prophet’s masjid
On building the house in the noble Makkah and the virtues of helping in its construction:
Narrated Jaber bin Abd-Ullah RAA: during the Kaaba construction, the prophet PBUH and Al-
Abbas RAA were carrying stones. Al Abbas told the prophet PBUH: “Load some stones on your
skirt”. He did by lowering himself to the ground with his eyes looking up the heaven and
when he stood up he said: “my skirt! my skirt!” so his skirt wrapped itself tightly around his
waist. (Sahih Ibn Habban).

And on building the Nabawi mosque in Medina:
Narrated Anas bin Malek RAA: When the messenger of Allah PBUH arrived into Medina, he
disembarked at its heights in an area known as the clan of Amro bin Awf. He stayed with
them 14 nights, then he sent for the clan of An Najjar so they came wearing their swords.
Anas said: “it is as if I see the messenger of Allah PBUH on his travel mount with Abu Bakr
RAA besides him and the clan of An Najjar around him until he came to the property of Abu
Ayoub RAA. The messenger of Allah used to pray wherever he was at prayer time, even where
they were herding sheep. He ordered to build a mosque so he asked the clan of An Najjar:
“give me a price for this wall property of yours”. They replied: “no, no. By Allah we demand
no price except from Allah”. Anas said: “it contained the graves of those worshipping
multiple deities that were removed, as well as dumps that were levelled, and date trees that
were cut and placed facing the mosque’s Qibla. They made stones out of its gate walls, and as Virtues of Building Mosques and Observing Their Etiquette – Dr. A. N. M. Shamsin Page 4

they were carrying the stones they were chanting rhyming words together with the prophet
PBUH:
“Allahumma la khaira illa khairul Aakhirah,
fansoril Ansaara wal Muhaajirah”; meaning “O’ Allah there’s no goodness except the
goodness of the hereafter so shore up the supporters (Medinians) and the emigrants (Makkans)”.
Abu Hurayra RAA narrated they were carrying mortar to build the mosque and the messenger
of Allah PBUH was amongst them. I saw the messenger of Allah with mortar on his belly. I
thought it was hurting him so I said: “pass it to me O’ messenger of Allah”. He replied: “take
another lot O’ Abu Hurayra, there is no living other than life in the hereafter”.
(Al Haythami commented in the Zawa’ed No. 1950 – that it was also listed by Ahmad as a Sahih hadeeth).
As for Ibn Al Jawzi, he transmitted that the first one to build a mosque in Islam was Ammar
bin Yasser RAA. Ibn Hijr said that was the mosque of Quba’a.
Great rewards for equipping mosques with requirements:
Narrated Muath bin Jabal RAA: the prophet PBUH said “whoever builds a mosque for Allah,
Allah builds for him a house in paradise; and whoever hangs a light within it gains the
prayers of 70,000 angels for his soul until that light is extinguished; and whoever spreads a
mat within it gains the prayers of 70,000 angels for his soul until that mat is discarded, and
whoever takes from it a feather of rubbish earns two animal loads of rewards.”
(Published by Ar Rafei: 17/4, and Ibn An Najjar from Muath RAA).
Unlawful money does not benefit any servant in building mosques or donating other
offerings to Allah SWT:
Sufyan al Thawri said: “whoever spends unlawful money in obedience is like someone
cleansing clothes with urine. Clothes are only cleaned by water and sins are only atoned by
the lawful”.
Building a mosque is one of the perpetual charities:
In the Sunnahs of Ibn Maja, from the narrations of Abu Hurayra RAA: the messenger of Allah
PBUH said: “after the believer dies, he is followed by some of his work and good deeds
including knowledge that he taught and spread, leaving a good child, a Qur’an book he
bequeathed, a mosque he built, a house he built for the wayfarer, a river he caused to flow, or
charity extracted from his wealth during his life while in good health”.
(1)

___________________________________________________________________________
(1)
Listed by Ibn Maja in his Sunnahs 88:1 with good transmission; also in Misbah Al Zujajah 80:1; and Al
Muntheri in his Targheeb and Tarheeb 55:1; Al Bayhaqi in Shoab Al Iman 247:3; Ibn Khuzaima in his Sahih
121:4 referring to a “river he dug” and he did not mention the Qur’an; Al Qortobi wrote in his Qur’anic Tafseer
of Al Qiyama, chapter 75, verse 9, section 95:19 as put out by Abu Noaym Al Hafez and transmitted by Qatada
from Anas bin Malek RAA who said: the messenger of Allah said: “seven keep rewarding a servant after death
in his grave: whoever taught some knowledge, ran a river, dug a well, planted date trees, built a mosque,
bequeathed the Qur’an, or left a child supplicating for him after his death”. So his saying “after death in his
grave” denotes that such benefits do not materialise during death but rather he is fully informed of all such
rewards upon balancing his deeds, even though he would be given glad tidings in his grave. Virtues of Building Mosques and Observing Their Etiquette – Dr. A. N. M. Shamsin Page 5

Other Eleven qualities:
Grouped by Al Hafez Assoyooti in his book (The Deebaj on Sahih Muslim 226/4). He wrote: “these
hadeeths include 11 topics. I have grouped them by saying: “When a son of Adam dies he is
impacted by 10 deeds: knowledge that he spread, the supplication of his child, having planted
date trees, perpetual charities, bequeathing the Qur’an, watching over a weak defence to
prevent enemy attacks, digging a well, causing a river to flow, building a home for a stranger
to live in, or building a place of worship” as well as teaching of the noble Qur’an (the 11th

good deed), so take it as a summary of many hadeeths.”
The hadeeth of Anas RAA corroborates it: “seven keep pouring rewards on a servant after
death in his grave: whoever taught some knowledge, ran a river, dug a well, planted date
trees, built a mosque, bequeathed the Qur’an, or left a child supplicating for him after his
death”.
(2)
(Published by Abu Noaym in The Haliyya 344:2, Al Bayhaqi in Shoab Al Iman 248:3 No. 3449,
and also Addaylami 330:2 No. 3492).
Builders of mosques are the neighbours of Allah SWT on the day of judgement:
Anas RAA said: the messenger of Allah PBUH said: “Allah SWT will call on the day of
resurrection: “where are My neighbours? Where are My neighbours?” The angels say: “Our
Lord, and who should be neighbouring You?”, He says: “where are the builders of
mosques?”. (Baghiyat Al Hareth)
Mosques are the best areas on earth:
Abu Hurayra RAA said: the messenger of Allah PBUH said: “the most beloved places to Allah
are the mosques, and the most hated places are the markets.” (Sahih Muslim)
The order to build, clean and perfume mosques amongst people:
Aisha RAA said: the messenger of Allah PBUH ordered building mosques among tribes, also to
clean and perfume them. (Published by Ahmad, Dawood & Al Tirmidhi who declared its transmission as
Sahih. Perfume includes incense)
Sumra bin Jandab RAA wrote to his tribe: “the messenger of Allah PBUH used to order us to
make mosques within our localities, and to make them well and purify them”. (Abu Dawood)
Azza bint Iyad RAA said: “I heard Abu Qirsaafa RAA say that he heard the prophet PBUH saying:
“build the mosques and expel their sweeping, whoever builds a mosque for Allah, Allah
builds him a house in Paradise”. A man asked: “does this include mosques built on roads?”
He replied: “yes, and putting out their sweepings are dowries for the houris”. (Reported by
Tabarani 19:3 No. 2521; Al Haythami said there are unknown people in its chain of transmission; also reported
by Ibn Asaaker 110:5 and Abu Bakr Ashafei in his Al Fawa’ed 2:23:2, and Ibn Manda in his Al Ma’arifa
1:259:2; Al Mannawi said there are unknowns in its chain of transmission but it has been strengthened to
become good.
__________________________________________________________________________________________
(2)
Al Hafez Abdul Azeem said: “it was reported by Ibn Maja and Ibn Khuzayma in his Sahih with a similar
hadith from Abu Hurayra RAA, where it is listed with “Allah willing”, also reported in Tafseer Arrazi “.... or left
a good child supplicating for him, or a charity benefiting him after his death”, the last comment from Al
Muntheri in his Targheeb and Tarheeb book 53:1. Virtues of Building Mosques and Observing Their Etiquette – Dr. A. N. M. Shamsin Page 6

Abu Hurayra RAA narrated about a woman who used to sweep the mosque. The messenger of
Allah PBUH asked about her and was informed that she had died. He said: “couldn’t you have
told me?” As if they have belittled her value, so he said: “where is her grave?” And when
they showed him he prayed for her soul”. (An agreed hadeeth, with Sahih Muslim adding that he then
said: “these graves are full of darkness for their inhabitants, and Allah illuminates them when I pray for their
souls”).
Ibn Abbas RAA narrated that a woman who used to pick rubbish from a mosque had died. The
prophet PBUH was not informed of her burial. The prophet PBUH said “if one amongst you dies
inform me”, then he prayed for her soul and said: “I saw her in heaven due to the rubbish she
used to pick from the mosque”. (Reported by Al Tabarani in his Kabir No. 11442, adding corroboration
from Anas RAA with a Sahih chain of transmission)
Ibn Khuzayma reported with possibly good evidence as also reported by Al Hafez Al
Muntheri and Ibn Maja from Abu Saeed Al Khodri RAA that he said: the messenger of Allah
PBUH said: “whoever expels harm from the mosque, Allah builds him a house in paradise”.
Sweeping and cleaning are recommended every Thursday as it is Sunnah.
Wearing the best clothes upon entering mosques and going in with tranquillity and reverence:
Allah SWT states in the holy Qur’an: “O’ children of Adam wear your best clothes to every
mosque ...” (Al A’raaf , chapter 7, verse 31). The scholars of Sunnah have published chapters on
this subject dealing with: “Declaring the obligation of answering the call to congregational
prayer in tranquillity and reverence”.
Washing and dabbing perfume before going to the mosque for Friday prayer:
Aws bin Aws Athaqafi RAA said: I heard the messenger of Allah PBUH saying: “whoever
washes on Friday, then leaves early by walking and not riding, comes close to the Imam and
listens without chatting, is rewarded for every step a complete year of fasting and worship”.
(Al Bayhaqi and other major books of Sunnah)
Abu Saeed Al Khodri RAA said: the messenger of Allah PBUH said: “the washing of Friday is
required upon reaching puberty, as well as brushing one’s teeth and dabbing perfume as
available”. (Sahih Muslim and others). In another narration he said: “even from the perfume of
women”.
Maintaining mosques from material harm:
It is said in The Adaab Al Kobra that it is Sunnah to preserve every masjid from every dirt,
filth, rubbish, mucus or spittle, because they are picked by one’s clothes. It is also said in The
Re’aya that is also Sunnah for the mosque to be preserved from cutting finger nails, trimming
a moustache or pulling arm pit hair.
In the two Sahihs (Bukhari & Muslim) and others, Ibn Omar RAA said: the messenger of Allah
PBUH saw a phlegm in the Qibla of the masjid. He was so angry that his face reddened. A lady
of the Ansar (Medinian supporters) got up, scratched it off and perfumed his place. The
messenger of Allah PBUH said: “how beautiful this is!” Virtues of Building Mosques and Observing Their Etiquette – Dr. A. N. M. Shamsin Page 7

The supplication upon entering the masjid:
“Aoothu bIllahil Atheem, wabi wajhihil kareem, wa sultaanihil qadeem, minash shaytaanir
rajeem. BismIllah, wassalaatu wassalaamu ala rasool-Illaah, Allahumma ighfirli thonoobi
waftahli abwaaba rahmatik”. (Reported by Sahih Muslim and others)
Meaning: “I seek refuge in The Great Allah, and His Noble Face, and His Ancient
Sovereignty, from the stoned Satan. In the Name of Allah, with Peace and Blessings upon the
Messenger of Allah, O’ Allah forgive my sins and open for me the doors of Your Mercy”.
The supplication upon exiting the masjid:
“BismIllah, wassalaatu wassalaamu ala rasool-Illaah, Allahumma Inni As’aluka min fadlik,
Allahumma A’asimni minash shaytaanir rajeem”. (Reported by the Sunnah books).
Meaning: “In the Name of Allah, with Peace and Blessings upon the Messenger of Allah, O’
Allah I am asking you from your favours, O’ Allah protect me from the stoned Satan”.
Walking to mosques atones the sins:
Abu Hurayra RAA said: the messenger of Allah PBUH said: “won’t I tell you what Allah uses to
erase the sins and elevate the degrees? Perfecting your ablution state to guard against
dislikeable temptation, increasing footsteps to masjids, and awaiting the prayer after prayer.
This is the bond, this is the bond, this is the bond”.
It is desirable to sit and wait for prayers in the masjid:
Abu Hurayra RAA said: the messenger of Allah PBUH said: “the advantage of a man praying in
congregation over praying in his house or market is twenty five degrees. Any man who makes
good ablution then comes to the masjid moving only for prayer, will have registered an
elevation degree as well as dropping one sin for every step he makes until he enters the
masjid. When he enters, he is in a state of prayer as long as he is confined for prayer. And
provided one does no bad or harm, the angels pray for each of you as long as you remain in
the place of your prayer saying: “O’ Allah have mercy on him, O’ Allah forgive him”.
(Reported by Sahih Muslim and others).
Listing some of the most important qualities required for building mosques including
conditions of acceptance and blessings
First: that its building is void of all hypocrisy, showing-off or harming Muslims. It should be
dedicated solely to Allah and raised on Taqwa (piety or watchful fear of Allah) as cautioned
by Allah SWT in the noble Qur’an: “And those who set up a mosque for mischief and
disbelief as well as disunion among the believers and an outpost for anyone who has
already warred on Allah and His messenger, will swear that their intention is nothing but
good; and Allah witnesses that they are liars. *107*. Never stand in it (that mosque) at all.
It is more worthy for men to stand in a mosque founded on piety from the first day, who
love to be purified and Allah loves the self purifiers. *108*. Is someone who founds his
building on piety and satisfaction of Allah better or he who founds his building on the edge
of a crumbling cliff so as to crash with him into hellfire? And Allah does not guide the
wrongdoing people. *109*. Their building that they built remains suspect in their hearts
until their hearts are torn to pieces and Allah is All-Knowing, Wise. *110*. Virtues of Building Mosques and Observing Their Etiquette – Dr. A. N. M. Shamsin Page 8

Allah has purchased from the believers their persons and wealth so that they have
paradise; they fight for the way of Allah, killing or getting killed; a true promise from Him
in the Torah, the Gospel (New Testament) and the Qur’an; and who is more fulfilling with
his covenant than Allah? So rejoice in the bargain that you have made, and that is the
supreme achievement. *111*. (At Tawba, chapter 9, verses 107 - 111).
Second: that the masjid becomes a centre and refuge for people where they find rest and
tranquillity, listen to the words of Allah SWT and His messenger’s PBUH, and increase their
knowledge about the religion of Allah SWT. It is the house that’s big enough for all, where
people {“are only saying: Peace, Peace”}. (as per the holy Qur’an’s Al Waqi’ah chapter 56 verse 26).
Allah SWT cautioned on this subject in the noble Qur’an: “(Lit is such a light) in houses that
Allah permitted to be raised to commemorate His name; in them He is glorified morning
and evening. *36*. By men not diverted through commerce nor sale from remembering
Allah, performing prayer and paying Zakat alms, they fear a day when the hearts and
eyesights tumble. *37*. So that Allah rewards them for their best deeds and supplements
them out of His Grace; and Allah provides whomever He wishes without measure. *38*.
(Annoor, chapter 24, verses 36 – 38)
Third: that performing prayer is upheld in the masjid; while reinforcing the bonds of
affection and love in Allah; congregating people for commemoration, learning and worship in
an atmosphere of attachment and devotion as mentioned in authenticated hadeeths. Abu
Hurayra RAA narrated that the prophet PBUH said: “no people congregate in one of the houses
of Allah reciting the book of Allah and studying it among themselves without calmness
descending on them, mercy enveloping them, angels touching them and Allah mentioning
them among those with Him”. (Reported by Abu Dawood).
Ibn Abbas RAA narrated that the prophet PBUH said: “no people congregate in one of the
houses of Allah commemorating the book of Allah and studying it among themselves without
the angels shading them with their wings until they indulge in other talk. Whoever goes along
a road seeking knowledge, Allah facilitates for him a path to paradise, and whoever is slow
in his work cannot be quickened by family connection”. (Reported by Addaremi).
Abu Saeed Al Khodri RAA said: Muawiya RAA found a halaqa (learning circle) in the masjid.
He asked: “what sat you?” They said: “we sat commemorating Allah”. He said: “by Allah
you only sat for this?” They replied: “by Allah we only sat for this”. He said: I never solicited
your oath by accusing you, there was no one at my status with the messenger of Allah PBUH
with less knowledge about his hadeeths than me, and the messenger of Allah found a halaqa
of his companions, so he asked: “what sat you?” They said: “we sat commemorating Allah
as well as praising Him for guiding us to Islam and His favours on us”. He said: “by Allah
you only sat for this?” They said: “by Allah we only sat for this”. He said: I never solicited
your oath by accusing you, but Gabriel came to me and informed me that the Mighty and
Majestic Allah is boasting about you to the angels”.
(Reported by Muslim and Al Tirmidhi whereas Annasa’ee only reported its authenticated parts). Virtues of Building Mosques and Observing Their Etiquette – Dr. A. N. M. Shamsin Page 9

Fourth: distancing worshippers from daily affairs in the masjids. So, if distraction and
selling are not permitted, then it is foremost that there is no dispute, spitefulness, disturbance,
slur or slander. These are some great sins, and it is among worst manners for a person to
engage in them within a house of Allah without being embarrassed from Allah SWT. Sulaiman
bin Burayda RAA narrated that his father said: the prophet PBUH heard a man saying in the
masjid: “who bids for the red camel?” so the prophet PBUH said: “you won’t find (them here),
the masjids were built for their purpose”. (Reported by Muslim and others).
Fifth: respecting the pillars of Islamic jurisprudence, including the scholarly Imams and their
schools of thought that earned their approval by consensus of the community on the
correctness of their doctrine and teaching that served Muslims for centuries.
Sixth: that it never becomes a centre for spreading erroneous religious innovation, accusing
others of sinning or disbelief or is used for repelling Muslims. Such matters disable the role
of the mosque, even deviate it from its correct course as it is supposed to unite and not divide.
Allah SWT states in the holy Qur’an: “And who is more unjust than someone who prevents
Allah’s Name from being mentioned in His places of worship, and strives to ruin them?
Such persons should not enter them except in fear; they have disgrace in this world and
great torment in the hereafter”. (Al Baqara, chapter 2, verse 114).

Other conditions related to mosque construction, proper prayer within them and
propriety of matters
First: correct Qibla direction and arrangement of prayer lines: facing Qibla is a pre-requisite
of correct prayer as indicated by Allah’s statement SWT in the holy Qur’an: “... so turn your
face towards the sacred mosque , and wherever you may be, turn your faces towards it ...”.
(Al Baqara, chapter 2, verse 150).
It is therefore obligatory to accurately determine the Qibla direction before building mosques
so as to avoid causing great harm to the acceptance of prayer within them.
It is also worth noting that the Imam’s recess should be slightly offset left of centre even by
one metre so that the lines behind him will have the majority standing on his right hand side.
Second: the masjid should have nothing hanging on the wall of its Qibla, not even the holy
book of Qur’an, though it is permitted to place and stack books on the ground (in cabinets
and shelves). Imam Ahmad said: “it is disliked to hang anything that blocks one’s free access
to Qibla, but it is not shunned to place the holy book of Qur’an in the mosque”.
Third: note that Qur’anic verses should not be written above the Imam’s recess such that
when he climbs to the pulpit they are inscribed at his feet. This is inappropriate for the book
of Allah SWT. It is prohibited. Whoever does it commits the greatest of sins, and if one does it
intentionally he enters the circle of apostasy, we seek refuge in Allah SWT from that.
Virtues of Building Mosques and Observing Their Etiquette – Dr. A. N. M. Shamsin Page 10

Fourth: reducing the number of internal columns as much as possible. Columns disrupt the
connection of prayer lines. Scholars resolved to shun forming lines between columns
unnecessarily. Also some hadeeths indicated shunning forming prayer lines between
obstacles such as walls, fences and railings.
Fifth: complete care for the mosque’s attached auxiliaries such as ablution and toilet areas. It
is imperative to achieve purity, cleanliness and healthy conditions in these auxiliary
attachments by providing ventilation, cleaning tools and agents, matching equipment to its
usage requirements, and preventing impurities from reaching the mosque.
Toilets should never face the mosque’s Qibla despite having isolating walls.
Sixth: attaching special importance to the women’s praying area when building a mosque,
starting with minding their entry and exit in a permissible manner without jostling with men,
and taking into account their special needs.
Seventh: organising pedestrian and vehicular traffic to prevent harm, delay, disturbing
neighbours and to use parking spaces most efficiently. This important work carries great
rewards and demands experienced brothers. Here I caution persons jostling for closest
parking spots that Allah SWT grants great rewards to the effort of walking to mosque prayer,
so the further the better. In a Sahih hadeeth, Abu Musa RAA said: the messenger of Allah PBUH
said: “of all people, the most rewarded for his prayer is the one who had the furthest walk to
it, then the next furthest. And whoever waits for prayer until he performs it in congregation
with the Imam, has a greater reward than the one who performs it then sleeps”.
(Reported by Bukhari and Muslim)
There are many other branches dealing with the role of the mosque in Islam, from being a
school cultivating people on piety, to other issues dealt with at great length by many
publications from various scholars. It is beyond our scope to visit them here.
I ask the Great Allah, Lord of the Great Throne to make our mosques good quarters, good
homes, good shelters, good refuges, good schools and good provisions for us. He is so near
and responsive to supplication. May Allah grant His Peace and Blessings upon our prophet
Muhammad, his kin and companions, and have mercy on our parents, our dead and the dead
of all believers. (Amen).
___________________________________________________________________________
Translation reference of Arabic words and acronyms used in this document:
Hadeeth: saying of prophet Muhammad PBUH Kaaba: the Cube building at Makkah (first mosque)
Masjid: mosque Nabawi: Prophet’s
PBUH: Peace Be Upon Him PBUT: Peace Be Upon Them
Qibla: prayer direction facing Kaaba
RAA: Radi Allahu Anhu (may Allah be pleased with him); also
RAA: Radi Allahu Anha (may Allah be pleased with her);
RAA: Radi Allahu Anhuma (may Allah be pleased with both); and
RAA: Radi Allahu Anhum (may Allah be pleased with them) Sahih: correct
Sunnah: way of the prophet Muhammad PBUH SWT: Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala (Glorified in Highness)
Taqwa: piety Zakat: obligatory alms for the poor

 

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