Municipalities of the Philippines

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Philippines

This article is part of the series:
Politics and government of
the Philippines



Other countries · Atlas
 Philippine Government Portal

municipality (Filipinobayan; munisipalidad) is a local government unit in the Philippines. Municipalities are also called towns (which is actually a better translation of "bayan"). They are distinct from cities, which are a different category of local government unit (LGU). A municipal district is a now-defunct local government unit; previously certain areas were created first as municipal districts before they are created into municipalities.

Provinces are composed of cities and municipalities. Municipalities, in turn, are composed of barangays or barrios.

Municipalities have some autonomy from the National Government of the Republic of the Philippines under the Local Government Code of 1991. They have been granted corporate personality enabling them to enact local policies and laws, enforce them, and govern their jurisdictions. They can enter into contracts and other transactions through their elected and appointed officials and can tax. They are tasked with enforcing all laws, whether local or national. The National Government assists and supervises the local government to make sure that they do not violate national law. Local Governments have their own executive and legislative branches and the checks and balances between these two major branches, along with their separation, are more pronounced than that of the national government[citation needed]. The Judicial Branch of the Republic of the Philippines also caters to the needs of local government units. Local governments, such as a municipalities, do not to have their own judicial branch: their judiciary is the same as that of the national government.

A municipality is headed by a municipal mayor who is the executive officer. The legislature is composed of the vice-mayor (bise-mayor) and eight councilors (kagawador konsehal). The eight councilors, along with the Sangguniang Kabataan (SK) (Youth Council) President and the Liga ng mga Barangay President, form theSangguniang Bayan (Municipal Council). All are elected and serve 3-year terms. They cannot serve more than three consecutive terms (9 years).

The Vice-Mayor presides over the legislature, but cannot vote except to break a tie. Laws or ordinances proposed by the legislature (Sangguniang Bayan) may be approved or vetoed by the Mayor. If approved they become law. If the Mayor neither vetoes nor approves the proposal of the Sangguniang Bayan for ten (10) days from the time of receipt, the said proposal becomes law as if it had been signed. If vetoed, the draft is sent back to the Sangguniang Bayan. The latter may 'override' the Mayor by a vote of at least 2/3 of all its members, in which case, the proposal becomes Law.

A municipality, upon reaching a certain requirements-minimum population size, and minimum annual revenue-may opt to become a city. First, a bill must be passed inCongress, then signed into law by the President and then the residents would vote in the succeeding plebiscite to accept or reject cityhood. One benefit in being a city is that the city government gets more budget, but taxes are much higher than in municipalities. As of September 30, 2009 there are 1,514 municipalities.

[edit]Income classification

Municipalities are divided into income classes according to their average annual income during the last three calendar years:

1st class P50,000,000 or more.
2nd class P40,000,000 or more but less than P50,000,000.
3rd class P30,000,000 or more but less than P40,000,000.
4th class P20,000,000 or more but less than P30,000,000.
5th class P10,000,000 or more but less than P20,000,000.
6th class Below P10,000,000

[edit]See also

[edit]External links

Last updated by Dali Mambuay Macatanong™ Jan 10, 2012.

Members

Events

OPINION>>

WHAT IS HAPPENING AROUND IN BALOI

WHAT ELSE CAN WE DO?

By: Dr. Norhatta U. Daud

INNOVATIONS IN BALOI PUBLIC MARKET

By: Hon. Mohaimen Rasol

FIRE INCIDENT IN DATU TIMBUL ALI ELEMENTARY SCHOOL

By: Dr. Jamila Maradial Campong

 POLLUTION FREE ORDINANCE FOR THE SCHOOLS (For PublicHearing) 

 By: Hon. Mohaimen Rasol

ANTI-DRUG CAMPAIGN 

By: Dr. Jamila Maradial Campong

INSPIRATIONAL MESSAGE FOR THE GRADUATING CLASS 2011 OF BALO-I CENTRAL ELEM. SCHOOL By: Dr. Norhatta U. Daud

BALO-I EAST DISTRICT SCHOOL ADMINISTRATORS By Dr. Jamila Maradial Campong

WAR ON DRUG'S (PUSHER & USER) By: Pres Jalal Bin Mastura

2011 CENTRALIZED GRADUATION EXERCISES OF BALO-I WEST DISTRICT BARRIO SCHOOLS By: Dr. Norhatta U. Daud

ADOPT A SCHOOL PROJECT By: Hon. Mohaimen A. Rasol 

Drug Addiction by Dra. Norhattah Campong Daud 

how can we address the existing socio economic problems in balo-i by Dra. Norhattah Campong Daud

YOUR CHILD AND DRUGS by Atty Faisal M. Diron
OMPIYAAN TANO SO TIMBANGAN 
by Engr. Madid Garlan
SO MANGA OKIT KO KANDATO (Traits of a Leader) 
by Atty. Faisal M. Diron
Debate for Baloi Development 
by Admin
OUR WHISPER 
by Miss Zainab Pano Sabino
Development 
by Honorable Mohaimen A. Rasol
Drug Addiction 
by Miss Amani Abdul
YBPI Ramadhan Projects (Urgent) 
by Datu Jalalloden G. Usman
Agus Bridge Malapi na bumaksak 
by Datu Mohaimen Macaumbang
REMEMBERING BALOI THAT WAS 
by Miss Cosna D. Ali
Survey on the results of the senatorial bets 
by Alem Abdul Hannan Tago
BALOI- How could it be a well-developed and peaceful community? 
By Miss Pye Usman Masnar
WHAT IS SPMUDA-YBPI @ BALOINIANS SACRIFICE WORTH? 
by Coll. Datu Camad M. Ali
"Assalamo Alaikom" to all Baloinians all around the Globe. 
by Engr. Benjamin Usman
Congratulations 
by Alem Sainoden Mahdi Palo
Change Must Start from Us!... 
by Engr. Aleoden Maki Casan
KAPANANGGILA 
by Raisoli Ali Musor

Drug Addiction by Dra. Norhattah Campong Daud

© 2017   Created by Dali Mambuay Macatanong™.   Powered by

Badges  |  Report an Issue  |  Terms of Service