SULTANATE OF SULO
(MARANAW VERSION)

SULO RULERS

1) Ruler Sultan Sharif ul-Hashim
1450–1480

The founder of the Sulu Sultanate whose proper name was Abu Bakr. He founded The Royal Sultanate of Sulu in 1457, and renamed himself Paduka Mahasari Maulana al-Sultan Sharif ul-Hashim. The "maulana" meaning protector (Arabic), "paduka" being a local term for "master", and "mahasari" for "His Majesty". The Sharif is reported to have lived about thirty years in Buansa, the first seat of the sultanate, and his tomb is located in one of the slopes of nearby Mount Tumantangi. He is first married to Bae a wata of Raha Baguinda the son in-law of Sharief Aulia, and Baguinda is Brother in-law of Shariff Mahdum.

This is based on Obarobaro masa Maranao Tarsila.

2) Sultan Kamal ud-Din
1480-1505

The son of the Sharif ul-Hashim who succeeded his father as sultan

3) Sultan Ala ud-Din

Sulu Genealogy suggests that he was a brother of Kamal ud-Din. A son of Sultan Shariful-Hashim, but believed not to be proclaimed the "Sultan of Sulu." Some Tarsila Believed that He is Sharief Alioden a Brother of Sahrif Kabunsoan and Alawi of Tagoloan. He did Become Sultan of Sulu, but more Powerful that Sultan.

4) Sultan Amir ul-Umara
1505-1527

His title is believed to be the Arabic translation of Maharajah-di-rajah found as the fourth sultan in some tarsilas. Some Sulu genealogy do not mention him. Believed to be the Sultan Bolkiah

5) Sultan Mu-izz ul-Mutawadi-in
1527-1548

He is the Maharajah Upo (grandchild) of Sharif ul-Hashim. Some genealogy states that he succeeded to the sultanate upon the death of Kamal ud-Din.

6) Sultan Nasir ud-Din I
1548-1568

The son of Sultan Mu-izz ul-Mutawadi-in. He was surnamed Digunung or Habud, suggesting that he grew up in or ruled from the interior of Sulu.

7) Sultan Muhammad ul-Halim
1568-1596

The son of Sultan Nasir ud-Din I. His other name was Pangiran Buddiman which was the name by which he was probably known, believed that his mother is daughter of Ala ud Din Shariff Alioden, one of his son name Maruhom Adapun married to Pazaolan daughter of Aloyodan son of Kabunsoan, and they Stay in Lanao area.

8) Sultan Batara Shah Tengah
1596-1608

The son of Sultan Muhammad ul-Halim. "Batara" was a title used by Sulu rulers as early as the beginning of the fifteenth century, and Brunei annals always referred to Sulu rulers by this term. Died without heir, his sister Bae a labi sa Sulo married to Sultan Sarikula of Maguindanao 4th and got Sultan Mohammad Dipatuan Kudarat 5th and Bae Mupat Gayang Bae a Labi a Mombao sa Ranao.

9) Sultan Muwallil Wasit
1610-1650

The nephew of Sultan Batara Shah Tengah (the son of his sister who married Sultan Hassan of Brunei). He was known to Spaniards as Rajah Bongsu. One of his daughters married Sultan Kudarat of Maguindanao while another daughter married Balatamay (Baratamay), the ruler of Buayan in 1657. Around 1650, his son Bachtiar took over the sultanate.

10) Sultan Nasir ud-Din II
1645–1648

Son of Sultan Muwallil Wasit who reigned during the lifetime of his father following his father's defeat by the Spaniards. The throne reverted to his father after his brother, Sarikula, died in 1648. Sarikula was speculated to be in control of the throne during this time.[citation needed]

11) Sultan Salah ud-Din Bakhtiar
1649/50-1680

Known to Spanish authorities as Pangiran Bactial and to Dutch officials as Pangiran Batticale. After his death, he was called Marhum Karamat. Due to his father's old age as well as the number of his followers, he did not become sultan until around 1650, if not a year earlier. He installed the "3 Temporary Sultans of Sulu" to sit on the Sulu throne from 1680-1685 due to the very young age of his son.

12) Sultan Ali Shah

Not mentioned in the Sulu Genealogy but produced a permanent heir in Shahab ud-Din (No. 15). His reign was short and peaceful.

13) Sultan Nur ul-Azam

Daughter of Sultan Nasir ud-Din II who was also known as Pangyan Ampay or Sitti Kabil (Arabic, meaning grand mistress) and ruled for four or five years. Some Sulus did not look with favor on her regime, being ruled under a woman.

14) Sultan Al Haqunu Ibn Wali ul-Ahad

The name "Ibn Wali ul-Ahad" is Arabic for "son of the rajah muda" (heir apparent). Is speculated to be the son of Sarikula and helped govern with his cousin Sultan Salah ud-Din.

15) Sultan Shahab ud-Din
1685-1710

The son of Salah ud-Din. It was he who killed Sultan Kahar ud-Din Kuda of Maguindanao in 1702 and "ceded" Palawan to the Spanish government in 1705.

16) Sultan Mustafa Shafi ud-Din
1710-1718

The younger brother of Shahab ud-Din he was also known as Juhan Pahalawan. He abdicated the thrown in favor of his younger brother Badar ud-Din to avoid future dynastic troubles.

17) Sultan Badar ud-Din I
1718-1732

The younger brother of the two previous sultans, he was known to different Spanish authors as "Bigotillos" or "Barbillas,"" or as "el Rey Viejo de Tawi-Tawi." His mother as a Tirun lady from the North East coast of Borneo. In 1732, a nephew (or grand nephew) contested his rule which led to his retirement to Tawi-Tawi where he was then known as Sultan Dungun. He died around 1740 in Dungun during the reign of his son Azim ud-Din I.

18) Sultan Nasar ud-Din
1732-1735

He was either a son or grandson (by a daughter) of Shahab ud-Din and was known to the Spaniards as Datu Sabdula (Arabic, Abdullah). In 1731, he challenged the rule of Badar ud-Din, forcing the latter to take leave and retire in 1732. The intrigues of Badar ud-Din led to the proclamation of Azim ud-Din (a son of Badar ud-Din) as sultan in 1735. After a series of desultory skirmishes between the factions of Nasar ud-Din and Azim ud-Din, the former left for Maimbung where he generally remained till he died around 1735. He was also referred to as Dipatuan.

19) Sultan Azim ud-Din I
1735-1748
1764–1774

Son of Badar ud-Din, he was known to the Spaniards and many Sulus as Alimuddin. His father proclaimed him ruler in Tawi-Tawi in 1735. In 1736, after a few intrigues had paved the way, a number of Datus asked Azim ud-Din to transfer his court from Dungun to Bauang (Jolo). But a political struggle in 1748 forced him to leave Jolo for Basilan and then Zamboanga. His younger brother, Datu Bantilan, was then proclaimed sultan. In the meantime, he went to Manila where he remained for sometime, including a few years of imprisonment. He returned an old man to Jolo in 1764. In the same year, on June 8, he was formally reinstated to the throne. In 1774, tired of affairs of state, he formally handed over the affairs of state to hisson Muhammad Israil. He had two periods of reign; 1735-1748 and 1764-1774.

20) Sultan Muizz ud-Din
1748-1763

Known to Spanish officials and priests as Datu or Pangiran Bantilan. He was a younger brother of Azim ud-Din-I. Sultan Bantilan Muizzuddin heirs stand as "The Sulu Sultanate Second Heir-Apparent", which nowadays become the Maharajah Adinda families.

21) Sultan Muhammad Israil
1774-1778

One of the sons of Azim ud-Din I who abdicated his power to his son in November 1773, but did not formally assumed the reign early the next year. He was believed to have been poisoned by either the partisans of his cousin or the cousin, himself, Azim ud-Din (a son of Muizz ud-Din), in 1778.

22) Sultan Azim ud-Din II
1763–1764
1778-1791

The son of Muizz ud-Din I who governed Sulu with his brother after the death of their father around the middle of 1763. By the end of that year, he had become, for all practical purposes, the Sultan. With the arrival of his uncle Azim ud-Din I from Manila in 1764, whom he received well, Azim ud-Din II left his his followers for Parang. In 1778, he succeeded Muhammad Israil. He reigned up to his death in 1791

23) Sultan Sharaf ud-Din
1791-1808

Another son of Azim ud-Din I and lived a venerable old age. Ten years earlier the Spaniards were expecting him to die at any moment and were thus worried that a successor antagonistic to them might ascend the throne.

24) Sultan Azim ud-Din III
1808

The son of Sharaf ud-Din and died the same year as his father. According to a report, he reigned only for forty days. He likely died a smallpox epidemic that raged through Jolo that year.

25) Sultan Ali ud-Din
1808-1821

The younger brother of Azim ud-Din III who occupied the throne in the absence of the rajah muda in Jolo (Raja Muda Datu Bantilan @ Datu Badaruddin ibni Sultan Azimuddin/Alimuddin-II ibni Sultan Bantilan Muizzuddin ibni Sultan Badaruddin-I). Raja Muda Bantilan then born Datu Aranan/Adanan (sat on the Sulu throne for a week only in 1862 using the name of Maharajah Adinda Sultan Mohammad Aranan/Adanan Puyo) born Datu Amirul, Datu Sie and Datu Laja. Datu Sie then born Datu Aliuddin Haddis Pabila (installed by Sulu Royal Council as Sultan on December 17, 2004). And Haddis Pabila born Datu Raja Bongsu-II (Raja Muda of Sulu since December 17,2004 up to the present).

26) Sultan Shakirullah
1821-1823

The brother of Ali ud-Din and was popularly known as Datu Sakilan.

27) Sultan Jamal ul-Kiram I
1823-1842

The son of Azim ud-Din III.

28) Sultan Muhammad Fadl
1842-1862

The son of Jamal ul-Kiram I and was popularly known as Pulalun.

29) Sultan Jamal ul-Azam
1862-1881

The son of Muhammad Fadl who ascended to the throne in 1862. He was known to the Spaniards and Sulus as Jamalul Alam.

30) Sultan Badar ud-Din II
1881-1884

The son of Jamal ul-Azam and who died as a relatively young man on February 22, 1884.

31) Sultan Harun al-Rashid
1886-1894

A descendant of Azim ud-Din I, through Datu Putong, a son. Spanish intrigues led to his proclamation as sultan by a few Datus in 1886, although earlier in 1884, Amirul Kiram, a younger brother of Badar ud-Din II, had already been proclaimed sultan. He never had firm support of the majority of the Sulus who generally Amirul Kiram as sultan especially when the latter was able to overthrow Datu Ali ud-Din, a pretender to the throne. When it became apparent that he no longer served any purpose to Spanish officials, Harun ar-Rashid was persuaded to abdicate in 1894. This was a tacit admission on the part of Spanish authorities that Amirul Kiram was the real sultan of Sulu. Harun ar-Rashid retired to Palawan where he died in April 1899.

32) Sultan Jamal ul-Kiram II
1894-1936

The younger brother of Badar ud-Din II. He was proclaimed sultan by his followers in 1884, not long after the death of his older brother. While rajah muda, he was called Amirul Kiram. His proclamation as sultan was contested by Datu Ali ud-Din, a grandson of Sultan Shakirullah, but to no avail. Ali ud-Din was forced to flee to Basilan. It was Harun ar-Rashid who tried to mediate between Amirul Kiram and Ali ud-Din until the Spaniards thought it expedient to have Harun ar-Rashid to sultan himself. The Spaniards were led eventually to deal with Jamal ul-Kiram II as the sultan of Sulu in spite of his repeated refusal to go to Manila on a state visit. Jamal ul-Kiram II died on June 7, 1936. He was considered to have been sultan from 1884 to 1936, despite the fact that in 1915, he virtually surrendered his political powers to the United States government under the so-called Carpenter's Agreement

33) Ombra Amilbangsa and Ismael Kiram
1936-1950

34) Ismael Kiram I
1950-1974

Due to different regional spellings, as can be found on government and newspaper sites, his name appears as Esmail, Esmael, Ismail or Ismael. The same appears to Sultan Ismael Kiram II. the second son of his younger brother and first crown prince, the late Sultan Punjungan Kiram.

35) Mohammad Mahakuttah Kiram
1974-1986

The last Sultan to be recognized officially by the Wazir Amb. Abraham Rasul, Rumah Bichara and the Philippine government in 1974 through a presidential decree by President Ferdinand Marcos

25) Muhammad Punjungan Kiram
1980-1983

26) Abirin, Aguimuddin
1983

37) Sultan Jamal ul-Kiram III
1983-1990

Acted as "interim Sultan" from 1974- 1981.

38) Mohammad Akijal Atti
1990-1999

39) Ismael Kiram II
1999-

Due to different regional spellings, as can be found on government and newspaper sites, his name appears as Esmail, Esmael, Ismail or Ismael. The same appears to Sultan Ismael Kiram I. the elder brother of his father Sultan Punjungan Kiram.

Last updated by Jasmin Feb 15, 2014.

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